Zarbano Alfio is an Italian film director, screenwriter, and producer. He has directed several films in the Italian language, including the critically acclaimed films La Strada, La Dolce Vita, and 8½. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential and important filmmakers in Italian cinema.
Alfio was born in Naples, Italy, in 1912. He studied painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Rome before turning his attention to the emerging art form of film. In the 1940s, he began producing and directing short films and documentaries, exploring themes of social realism and exploring the lives of the working class. His first feature-length film, La Strada, was released in 1954 and won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1955. The film tells the story of Gelsomina, a young woman who is sold to a traveling circus, and her struggles with her abusive master.
In 1960, Alfio released La Dolce Vita, a classic of Italian cinema which explored the decadence of life in Rome. The film was a huge success, and earned him a second Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. He followed this up with 8½ in 1963, a autobiographical exploration of the artistic process and his own struggles with creativity. The film earned Alfio the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival and an Academy Award nomination for Best Director.
Throughout the 1960s, Alfio continued to make films in the Italian language, exploring themes of obsession and redemption in films such as Juliet of the Spirits and Amarcord. He also continued to explore the lives of the working class, with films like The Organizer and The Working Class Goes to Heaven.
In the 1970s, Alfio began to explore the horror genre with films such as The Night Porter and Suspiria. He also experimented with more surrealistic films, such as Fellini's Casanova and Orchestra Rehearsal.
Alfio's career came to an end in the 1980s, but his influence on Italian cinema remains strong. He is remembered for his unique visual style and his exploration of complex themes. He is considered one of the most influential filmmakers in Italian cinema, and his films are still widely admired today.