Gabriel García Márquez (1927-2014) was a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist, widely regarded as one of the most significant authors of the 20th century. His works, which include One Hundred Years of Solitude, Love in the Time of Cholera, and Chronicle of a Death Foretold, have sold millions of copies and been translated into many languages. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1982.
García Márquez was born in Aracataca, Colombia, on March 6, 1927. He was the oldest of 12 children born to Gabriel Eligio García and Luisa Santiaga Márquez Iguarán. His parents were from modest backgrounds, and his father worked as a telegraph operator. García Márquez's grandparents were influential figures in his life, and their stories of magical realism played a major role in his writing.
García Márquez attended a Jesuit school in Barranquilla, Colombia, and then studied law at the National University of Colombia. He moved to Bogotá in 1947 and began his career as a journalist, working for several newspapers. In the 1950s, he moved to Europe and worked as a correspondent for the Cuban newspaper Prensa Latina. During this time, he also wrote his first novel, Leaf Storm (1955).
García Márquez achieved international fame with the publication of One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967). The novel tells the story of a family through generations, and its themes of magical realism and Latin American culture resonated with readers around the world. The book won the Rómulo Gallegos Prize and was translated into more than 30 languages.
In the 1970s, García Márquez wrote several other novels, including Autumn of the Patriarch (1975), Chronicle of a Death Foretold (1981), and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985). He wrote screenplays, essays, and articles for newspapers and magazines, and was an outspoken critic of the Latin American dictatorships of the time. He was a member of the Colombian Communist Party and a close friend of Fidel Castro.
In 1982, García Márquez was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, making him the first Latin American to win the prestigious prize. He continued to write and publish works until his death in 2014. He remains one of the most influential